In addition to the commonly used and known “Personal Pronouns”, there are 4 more categories of pronouns which we can use to demonstrate, to interrogate, to relate and in indefinite form. They are as follows:-

1. Demonstrative Pronouns (this, these, that, those)

A demonstrative pronoun identifies a noun or a pronoun.

  • this, that – will identify noun or pronoun in singular form.
  • these, those – will identify noun or pronoun in plural form.
  • this, these – to refer to objects that are nearby.
  • that, those – to refer to objects that are farther away.

e.g. This is good but that is not suitable/These are good but those are not suitable.

2. Interrogative Pronouns

  • (who, whom, which, what)
  • (whoever, whomever, whichever, whatever) – compounds formed with suffix “ever”

An interrogative pronoun is used for asking questions, or to inquire.

  • who, whom and sometimes which are used to refer to people

e.g.

  • Whom did you speak to about our problems?
  • Which boy did you give the chocolates to?
  • Who is taking the blame?

3. Relative Pronouns

  • (who, whom, that, which)
  • (whoever, whomever, whichever) – compounds

A relative pronoun is used to link one phrase/clause to another.

e.g.

  • There are 25 children in the class of which one will be awarded for best student.
  • Of the 25 children who do you think will win?

4. Indefinite Pronouns

  • all, another, any, anybody, anyone, anything, each, everybody, everyone, everything, few, many, nobody, none, one, several, some, somebody, someone.

An indefinite pronoun refers to a person or thing which is identifiable but not specific. They conveys the idea of all, any, none, some.

e.g.

  • Some of them will be going home.
  • All of us are astounded by the news.
  • None did it because everyone thought someone will and at the end nobody did.