7. The Past Perfect Tense

I had seen We had seen

You had seen You had seen

He/She/It had seen They had seen

Look at this sentence:-

After he had broken the window he ran away.

In this sentence there are two actions in the Past:-

(a) The action of breaking

(b) The action of running away

The action of breaking took place before the action of running away, and we therefore show this by putting the action that took place first in the Past Perfect Tense