Regular and Irregular Verbs

This is easy as I think universally all of us have learned irregular verbs by heart. We chant them like our daily prayers and we memorized them. They are imprinted in our brain.

The difference between regular and irregular verbs is in their endings for the past tense and past participle forms.

Regular verbs – the past tense ending and past participle ending is always the same. An –ed is added to the base verb (present tense).

Present tense, past tense, past participle

  • open, opened, opened
  • work, worked, worked

(verbs ending in “y”  to drop the “y”  and add “-ied” and verbs ending in “e” to add “-d”)

  • cry, cried, cried
  • try, tried, tried
  • lie, lied, lied
  • tie, tied, tied

Irregular verbs – the past tense ending and past participle ending is variable. These are the verbs that we learned by heart. Here is a list of verb forms (present tense, past tense & past participle) I have compiled for your easy reference, study and practice. You will be able to add on to the list as you go along.

PARTS OF THE VERB (Irregular verbs)

Present tense, past tense, past participle

  • am was been
  • arise arose arisen
  • awake awoke awakened
  • be was/were been
  • bear bore borne
  • beat beat beaten
  • become became become
  • begin began begun
  • bend bent bent
  • bite bit bitten
  • bleed bled bled
  • blow blew blown
  • break broke broken
  • bring brought brought
  • build built built
  • burn burnt/burned burnt/burned
  • buy bought bought
  • catch caught caught
  • choose chose chosen
  • come came come
  • creep crept crept
  • cut cut cut
  • dig dug dug
  • do did done
  • draw drew drawn
  • drink drank drunk
  • drive drove driven
  • eat ate eaten
  • fall fell fallen
  • feed fed fed
  • feel felt felt
  • fight fought fought
  • find found found
  • fly flew flown
  • forget forgot forgotten
  • forgive forgave forgiven
  • freeze froze frozen
  • get got gotten
  • give gave given
  • grow grew grown
  • go went gone
  • has/have had had
  • hear heard heard
  • hide hid hidden
  • hold held held
  • hurt hurt hurt
  • keep kept kept
  • kneel knelt knelt
  • know knew known
  • lay laid laid
  • lead led led
  • leave left left
  • let let let
  • lie lay lain
  • lose lost lost
  • make made made
  • meet met met
  • pay paid paid
  • quit quit quit
  • read read read
  • ride rode ridden
  • ring rang rung
  • rise rose risen
  • run ran run
  • say said said
  • see saw seen
  • sell sold sold
  • send sent sent
  • shake shook shaken
  • shine shone/shined shone/shined
  • shrink shrank shrunk
  • sing sang sung
  • sink sank sunk
  • sit sat sat
  • slay slew slain
  • sleep slept slept
  • speak spoke spoken
  • spend spent spent
  • spring sprang sprung
  • stand stood stood
  • steal stole stolen
  • stink stank stunk
  • sweep swept swept
  • swim swam swum
  • take took taken
  • teach taught taught
  • tear tore torn
  • tell told told
  • think thought thought
  • throw threw thrown
  • understand understood understood
  • wake woke/waked woken/waked
  • wear wore worn
  • win won won
  • write wrote written